Have a close look at your camera. Does it have a pop-up flash?
Locate the button used to raise it, as in manual exposure mode; you’ll need to do so. Have a look at the small size of the flash.
Your pop-up flash is set to TTL by default. See if it can be set to other modes and make a note of these.
With the pop-up flash in TTL mode, find out how to set the FEC (flash exposure compensation). Note the highest it can be set and the lowest (this may be in the camera’s quick menu, the actual menu, or via a combo of button/dial controls).
-It ranges between +3 to –3.
Do you have a speedlight? Is it a manual speedlight, or a TTL system flash? Make a note of the make and model you have.
-It is a Godox V1 TTL speedlight.
If your flash is a manual speedlight, have a look and identify the control with which you adjust the power output. Test the power at its lowest and highest.
-In manual mode it ranges between 1/1 at its highest to 1/256 at its highest.
If your flash is a TTL speedlight, check and see where you change the mode from TTL to manual flash. In TTL mode, find out how to set the FEC. Make a note of the highest it can be set and the lowest.
-FEC ranges between +3 to -3
Photograph a subject in front of a bright window, ideally during the daytime. Set your exposure according to the window. Your subject will most likely be very dark. Now raise your pop-up flash or connect your speedlight and turn it on.
Take another photo. If the subject is now too bright or not bright enough, use the FEC adjustment to set an appropriate level of the flash.
While you are busy with this assignment, try to notice which way your focus ring works to focus closer and further away, and the same for your zoom ring. Also, take note of focus switches and VR/IS switches on the lens, making sure to switch them on or off as required. Upload your two photos.
(Photos: 1.No flash, 2. FEC +1, 3. FEC -1, 4. +0.3)
Photograph a very fast movement, such as a person jumping, water splashing, or a dog shaking itself after getting wet. Be creative – this needs to be fast movement. Use your flash to freeze a moment that could only be possible with flash. Upload one or more photos to your blog.
Make friends with your flash!